Paul S. Julienne
Emeritus Fellow and Adjunct Professor of Physics
Joint Quantum Institute (JQI)
University of Maryland and National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Room 2107, Atlantic Building, University of Maryland, College Park MD 20742
Member, National Academy of Sciences
Fellow, Division of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, American Physical Society
Education and Employment
- Wofford College, Chemistry, B. S. (1965)
- University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chemical Physics, Ph. D. (1969)
- National Bureau of Standards (NBS), NAS-NRC postdoctoral research associate, 1969-1971
- National Bureau of Standards (NBS), postdoctoral research associate, 1971-1973
- Naval Research Laboratory, staff, 1973-1974
- NIST/NBS, staff, 1974-1995
- NIST, Group Leader, Quantum Processes Group, Atomic Physics Division, 1995-2003
- NIST Fellow, 2003-2013
- Joint Quantum Institute Fellow, University of Maryland and NIST, 2007-2013
- JQI Emeritus Fellow, NIST Emeritus Scientist, 2013-present (retired)
A select set of relevant publications (Over 260 publications in peer-reviewed journals with more than 800 citations per year since 2009 and an h-index of 68 through 2022).
- M. Tomza, K. Jachymski, R. Gerritsma, A. Negretti, T. Calarco, Z. Idziaszek, and P. S. Julienne, “Cold hybrid ion-atom systems,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 91, 035001 (2019). (arXiv:1708.078323)
- A. Goban, R. B.. Hutson, G. E. Marti. S. L. Campbell, M. A. Perlin, P. S. Julienne, J. P. D’Incao, A. M. Rey, J. Ye, “Emergence of multi-body interactions in few-atom sites of a fermionic lattice clock,” Nature, 563, 369–373 (2018). (arXiv:1803.11282)
- J. Wolf, M. Deiß, A. Krükow, E. Tiemann, B. P. Ruzic, Y. Wang, J. P. D’Incao, P. S. Julienne, J. Hecker Denschlag, “State-to-state chemistry at ultra-low temperature,” Science 358, 921-924 (2017). (arXiv:1705.02892v2)
- Yujun Wang and P. S. Julienne, “Universal van der Waals Physics for Three Ultracold Atoms,” Nature Physics 10, 768-773 (2014). (arXiv:1404.0483v1).
- G. Quéméner and P. S. Julienne, “Ultracold molecules under control,” Chem. Reviews 112, 4949-5011 (2012). (http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/cr300092g)
- S. Ospelkaus, K.-K. Ni, D. Wang, M. H. G. de Miranda, B. Neyenhuis, G. Quéméner, P. S. Julienne, J. L. Bohn, D. S. Jin and J. Ye, “Quantum-State Controlled Reactions of Ultracold KRb Molecules,” Science 327, 853-857(2010). (arXiv:0912.3854v1)
- C. Chin, R. Grimm, P. S. Julienne, and E. Tiesinga, “Feshbach Resonances in Ultracold Gases,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1225-1286 (2010). (arXiv:0812.1496v2)
- P. S. Julienne, “Ultracold molecules from ultracold atoms: a case study with the KRb molecule,” Faraday Discuss. 142, 361-388 (2009). (arXiv:0812.1233v23)
- K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, M. H. G. de Miranda, A. Pe’er, B. Neyenhuis, J. J. Zirbel, S. Kotochigova, P. S. Julienne, D. S. Jin, J. Ye, “A High Phase-Space-Density Gas of Polar Molecules,” Science 322, 231-235 (2008). (arXiv:0808.2963v2)
Honors and Awards
- 1992, Department of Commerce Silver Medal
- 1998, Department of Commerce Gold Medal
- 2004, Davisson-Germer Prize of the American Physical Society. Citation: For his pioneering studies of the theory of ultracold atomic collisions, and its applications to precision metrology and quantum gas dynamics.
- 2004, NIST Samuel Wesley Stratton Award for outstanding scientific or engineering achievements in support of NIST objectives. Citation: For world leading theoretical physics research in collisions fundamental to the laser cooling of atoms and Bose-Einstein condensation
- 2005, Washington Academy of Sciences Annual Award for Work of Merit and Distinction in the Physical Sciences. Citation: For pioneering studies of the theory of ultracold atomic collisions and its numerous applications that continue to impact forefront research from Bose-Einstein condensation to atomic clocks.
- 2007, Meritorious Presidential Rank Award. This award recognizes exceptional long-term accomplishments in public service by career senior government executives or scientists. Award winners are nominated by their agency heads, evaluated by boards of private citizens, and approved by the President.
- 2014, added to NIST Gallery of Distinguished Scientists, Engineers, and Administrators.
- 2015, William F. Meggers Award, Optical Society of America. Citation: For seminal contributions to precision photoassociation and magnetic-Feshbach spectroscopy of ultracold atoms, and the application of these techniques to the formation of cold polar molecules.
- 2023, elected to membership in the National Academy of Sciences
- 1994-1998, National Research Council Committee on Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Science (CAMOS)
- 2005-2007, Advisory Board for the Harvard-Smithsonian Institute for Atomic and Molecular Physics (ITAMP).
- 2007-2010, American Physical Society Divisional Councilor, representing the Division of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics (DAMOP).
My area of interest has been theoretical atomic, molecular, and optical physics applied to systems of real experimental interest. One focus is to use numerical methods to calculate the full quantum dynamics of atomic and molecular systems. Another is to develop approximate or analytic models for analysis or interpretation. Work in the 1970’s involved atmospheric and astrophysical problems. Work in the 1980s, centered on issues relating to high-energy lasers and collisions in light fields. Since the development of laser cooling at NIST in the mid 1980s, I have concentrated on quantum phenomena associated with cold atoms, molecules and ions. This includes the quantum dynamics of cold collisions, namely, their precise characterization, their control by magnetic, electric, or electro-magnetic fields, their role in quantum gases and in lattice structures with tight confinement, and the production and properties of ultra-cold molecules and their chemical dynamics. I have co-authored 6 review articles on these topics. This work continues since retirement from NIST in 2013, having published 36 papers during 2014-2023 since retiring.